Category: DEFAULT

Usa presidential election

0 Comments

usa presidential election

Die Wahl zum Präsidenten und zum Vizepräsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika .. „Hacking a U.S. presidential election [is] even easier than we thought!“ („Das Hacken einer US-Präsidentschaftswahl ist noch einfacher als wir . Jan 20, The US presidency is described as the world's hardest job and the election campaign is said to be its toughest job interview. Tag Archive for: US Presidential Elections. Donald Trump: The American Tragedy ? +. Donald Trump: The American Tragedy? Polis, 9. November

election usa presidential - what words

Sollte dieser auch nicht wegen fehlender Mehrheit im Wahlmännerkollegium bestimmt werden können, so wählt der Senat den Vizepräsidenten. Vokabellisten Formulierungshilfen Teillösungen Beispiele. Russische Einflussnahme auf den Wahlkampf in den Vereinigten Staaten Trump engagierte im Sommer dieselbe Agentur, welche auch die Befürworter des Brexits in Anspruch genommen hatten. Als zusätzlich noch einige der ungebundenen Kandidaten ihre Stimme Trump versicherten, konstatierte Associated Press am Vorwahlergebnisse der Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten Amerikanische Sicherheitskreise verdächtigten Hacker im Dienst der Russischen Föderation, die Daten gestohlen zu haben.

Usa Presidential Election Video

Election Night 2016 - Highlights McMullin will gegen Trump und Clinton antreten. Green Party Vereinigte Staaten. Demokratie und Autokratie Preis: Stirbt ein Kandidat nach seinem Wahlsieg am nationalen Wahltag und vor seiner Wahl 1860 ergebnis heute die Wahlmänner, so könnte das Wahlmännerkollegium nach eigenem Ermessen einen anderen Nachfolger bestimmen. Hackt Russland die US-Wahl? Marlies LindemannAnnika Lüchau. Schätzungen zufolge lag die Wahlbeteiligung am 8. Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten Titel. Prism casino codes hat kein Internet mehr. Wahrscheinlicher ist aber die Wahl eines Nachfolgers, der von der Partei des verstorbenen Wahlsiegers vorgeschlagen wird. Dieser Wert wurde von der verantwortlichen Commission on Presidential Debates als Untergrenze für eine Zulassung zu diesen Debatten festgelegt. Die exakte Definition des Zeitraums, in dem ein gewählter Kandidat als President-Elect bezeichnet werden kann, ist schwierig. Gmy. will Clinton wählen. The Internet and Campaign messi olympia 2019 Office of the Clerk. This is a best online casino no deposit bonus 2019 of electoral college results. Canada reacts to a Trump presidency 9 November Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from CaliforniaBush from Texas or from a state south of amazonia Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter tonybet justiniskes GeorgiaClinton from Arkansas. Ballot ares casino fake to electoral votes with write-in: The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Inboth candidates Jack beanstalk W. Physician from Lexington, Massachusetts. Both Clinton and Trump were seen unfavorably by the general public, and their controversial nature set the tone of the campaign. Low turnout is most pronounced in off-year elections for state legislators and local freiburg volleyball as well as primaries. Gloria La Riva Newspaper printer and activist from California. The first president, George Washingtonwas elected as an independent.

Believing that Clinton was still unwilling to concede, the president then called her campaign chair John Podesta , but the call to Clinton had likely already persuaded her.

On Wednesday morning at 2: Clinton called Trump early that morning to concede defeat, [] and at 2: Six states plus a portion of Maine that Obama won in switched to Trump Electoral College votes in parentheses: Initially, Trump won exactly more Electoral College votes than Mitt Romney had in , with two lost to faithless electors in the final tally.

Thirty-nine states swung more Republican compared to the previous presidential election, while eleven states and the District of Columbia swung more Democratic.

Michael McDonald estimated that A FEC report of the election recorded an official total of Data scientist Azhar Hamdan noted the paradoxes of the outcome, saying that "chief among them [was] the discrepancy between the popular vote, which Hillary Clinton won by 2.

The source for the results of all states is the official Federal Election Commission report. A total of 29 third party and independent presidential candidates appeared on the ballot in at least one state.

Independent candidate Evan McMullin , who appeared on the ballot in 11 states, received over , votes 0. Wisconsin went Republican for the first time since , while Pennsylvania and Michigan went Republican for the first time since Stein petitioned for a recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.

The Clinton campaign pledged to participate in the Green Party recount efforts, while Trump backers challenged them in court. The winner of the statewide vote gets two additional electoral votes.

Red denotes states or congressional districts whose electoral votes are awarded separately won by Republican Donald Trump; blue denotes those won by Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Most media outlets announced the beginning of the presidential race about twenty months prior to Election Day. Soon after the first contestants declared their candidacy, Larry Sabato listed Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Nevada, and Ohio as the seven states most likely to be contested in the general election.

After Donald Trump clinched the Republican presidential nomination, many pundits felt that the major campaign locations might be different from what had originally been expected.

Rust Belt states such as Pennsylvania , Wisconsin , and even Michigan were thought to be in play with Trump as the nominee, while states with large minority populations, such as Colorado and Virginia , were expected to shift towards Clinton.

Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.

A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states. For example, Utah was the reddest state in , although the Republican share was boosted significantly by the candidacy of Mormon candidate Mitt Romney.

Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina.

These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state. As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.

Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.

After the conventions of the national parties, Clinton and Trump carried out a total of 72 visits to the following states of Florida, 59 to Pennsylvania, 52 to North Carolina, 43 to Ohio, 25 to Virginia, 24 to Michigan, 23 to Iowa, 22 to New Hampshire, 19 to Colorado, 16 to Nevada, 15 to Wisconsin, and 10 to Arizona.

Results by vote distribution among states. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton. United States presidential election, cartogram.

The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.

The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters.

However, "more convincing data" [] from the polling firm Latino Decisions indicates that Clinton received a higher share of the Hispanic vote, and Trump a lower share, than the Edison exit polls showed.

Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.

Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. This result stands in contrast to the results , when President Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.

Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election.

High school and college students walked out of classes to protest. At some protests fires were lit, flags and other items were burned and people yelled derogatory remarks about Trump.

Rioters also broke glass at certain locations. After the election, computer scientists, including J. Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.

Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.

District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but not actual injury.

The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies. A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted".

Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns were directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.

US to provide pro bono legal counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who were considering a vote of conscience against Trump.

Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.

On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing [] [] in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.

On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates: A further three electors attempted to vote against Clinton but were replaced or forced to vote again.

The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.

Likewise, for the first time since , [c] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate.

Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for President and Warren received two for Vice President.

Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for President. It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.

The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since , and more than any other election since the enactment of the Twelfth Amendment in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from United States presidential election, For related races, see United States elections. Presidential election results map. Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state.

United States presidential election. Republican Party presidential primaries, President of the United States.

Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Wiretapping allegations Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Republican Party presidential candidates, Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection, Democratic Party presidential primaries, Democratic Party presidential candidates, Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection, Evan McMullin presidential campaign, United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential election, Russian interference in the United States elections.

Voter suppression in the United States. University of Nevada Las Vegas. They lost respectively two and five votes to faithless electors. Pence and Kaine lost one and five votes, respectively.

Some states continued to allocate electors by legislative vote as late as The exact numbers of write-in votes for Sanders have been published for three states: California, Vermont, and New Hampshire.

Chris Suprun stated that he cast his presidential vote for John Kasich and his vice presidential vote for Carly Fiorina.

The other faithless elector in Texas, Bill Greene, cast his presidential vote for Ron Paul but cast his vice presidential vote for Mike Pence, as pledged.

Popular vote [] [] Clinton. Electoral vote—Vice President Pence. Total — 65,, Results of U. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Trump.

Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Clinton. Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, and Statewide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, Legend [] cable news network broadcast network Total television viewers 8: International reactions to the United States presidential election, Faithless electors in the United States presidential election.

Greeley still garnered three posthumous electoral votes which were subsequently dismissed by Congress. President before election Barack Obama Democratic.

Elected President Donald Trump Republican. Timeline General election debates Parties Polling national statewide by demographics international Newspaper endorsements primary general Russian interference Social media International reactions Electors Recounts Faithless electors.

Third party and independent candidates Libertarian Party primaries debates nominee convention Green Party primaries debates nominee convention Constitution Party primaries nominee Independents McMullin.

This article is part of a series about Donald Trump. Republican Party ticket, Chairman of The Trump Organization — Candidates in this section are sorted by reverse date of withdrawal from the primaries.

Senator from Texas — present. Senator from Florida — present. CEO of Hewlett-Packard — Senator from Kentucky — present.

Senator from Pennsylvania — Senator from South Carolina — present. This article is part of a series about Hillary Clinton.

Democratic Party ticket, Secretary of State — Senator from Virginia — present. Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries.

Senator from Vermont — present. Harvard Law professor — Senator from Virginia — July 26, 13,, votes. November 2, 4 write-in votes in New Hampshire.

October 20, 2 write-in votes in New Hampshire. This article is part of a series about Gary Johnson. This article is part of a series about Bill Weld.

Senate campaign Governor of Massachusetts election re-election U. Libertarian Party ticket, This article is part of a series about Jill Stein.

Many state legislatures previously selected their electors directly, but over time all of them switched to using the popular vote to help determine electors, which persists today.

Once chosen, electors generally cast their electoral votes for the candidate who won the plurality in their state, but at least 21 states do not have provisions that specifically address this behavior; those who vote in opposition to the plurality are known as " faithless" or " unpledged electors ".

Presidential elections occur quadrennially with registered voters casting their ballots on Election Day , which since has been the first Tuesday after November 1.

The Electoral College electors then formally cast their electoral votes on the first Monday after December 12 at their respective state capitals.

Congress then certifies the results in early January, and the presidential term begins on Inauguration Day , which since the passage of the Twentieth Amendment has been set at January The nomination process, consisting of the primary elections and caucuses and the nominating conventions , was not specified in the Constitution, but was developed over time by the states and political parties.

These primary elections are generally held between January and June before the general election in November, while the nominating conventions are held in the summer.

Though not codified by law, political parties also follow an indirect election process, where voters in the 50 U. Each party may then choose a vice presidential running mate to join the ticket, which is either determined by choice of the nominee or by a second round of voting.

Because of changes to national campaign finance laws since the s regarding the disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns, presidential candidates from the major political parties usually declare their intentions to run as early as the spring of the previous calendar year before the election almost 18 months before Inauguration Day.

Article Two of the United States Constitution originally established the method of presidential elections, including the Electoral College. This was a result of a compromise between those constitutional framers who wanted the Congress to choose the president, and those who preferred a national popular vote.

Each state is allocated a number of electors that is equal to the size of its delegation in both houses of Congress combined. With the ratification of the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution in , the District of Columbia is also granted a number of electors, equal to the number of those held by the least populous state.

Constitutionally, the manner for choosing electors is determined within each state by its legislature; Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 states that each state shall appoint electors "in such Manner as the Legislature Thereof May Direct.

In , only five of the 16 states chose electors by a popular vote; by , after the rise of Jacksonian democracy , the proportion of states that chose electors by popular vote had sharply risen to 18 out of 24 states.

Under the original system established by Article Two, electors could cast two votes to two different candidates for president. The candidate with the highest number of votes provided it was a majority of the electoral votes became the president, and the second-place candidate became the vice president.

In response to the election, the 12th Amendment was passed, requiring electors to cast two distinct votes: While this solved the problem at hand, it ultimately had the effect of lowering the prestige of the Vice Presidency, as the office was no longer for the leading challenger for the Presidency.

Electors chosen this way are pledged to vote for a particular presidential and vice presidential candidate offered by the same political party.

So, while the Constitution says that the President and Vice President are chosen separately, in practice they are chosen together.

The 12th Amendment also established rules when no candidate wins a majority vote in the Electoral College. In the presidential election of , Andrew Jackson received a plurality , but not a majority, of electoral votes cast.

The election was thrown to the House of Representatives , and John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Clay , who had also been a candidate in the election.

Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.

In 53 of the 58 total elections held so far about 91 percent , the winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote.

The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections.

In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.

However, candidates can fail to get the most votes in the nationwide popular vote in a Presidential election and still win that election.

In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top three people in the election.

Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won. Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term. Then in , , , and , the winner of electoral vote lost the popular vote outright.

Numerous constitutional amendments have been submitted seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, but none has ever successfully passed both Houses of Congress.

Another alternate proposal is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote instead of just their respective statewide results.

The presidential election day was established on a Tuesday in the month of November because of the factors involved weather, harvests and worship.

When voters used to travel to the polls by horse, Tuesday was an ideal day because it allowed people to worship on Sunday, ride to their county seat on Monday, and vote on Tuesday—all before market day, Wednesday.

The month of November also fits nicely between harvest time and harsh winter weather, which could be especially bad to people traveling by horse and buggy.

With better technology and the 20th Amendment being passed, presidential inaugurations were moved to noon on January 20—allowing presidents to start their duties sooner.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of was enacted to increase disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns. Thus, this began a trend of presidential candidates declaring their intentions to run as early as the Spring of the previous calendar year so they can start raising and spending the money needed for their nationwide campaign.

The first president, George Washington , was elected as an independent. Since the election of his successor, John Adams , in , all winners of U.

Third parties have taken second place only twice, in and The last time a third independent candidate achieved significant success although still finishing in third place was in , and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was in Article Two of the United States Constitution stipulates that for a person to serve as President, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States , at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

A candidate may start running his or her campaign early before turning 35 years old or completing 14 years of residency, but must meet the age and residency requirements by Inauguration Day.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution also sets a term limit: Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency.

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7 states that if the U. Congress convicts any officer on impeachment, they may also bar that person from holding any public office in the future.

And Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the election to any federal office of any person who had held any federal or state office and then engaged in insurrection, rebellion or treason; this disqualification can be waived if such an individual gains the consent of two-thirds of both houses of Congress.

In addition, the Twelfth Amendment establishes that the Vice-President must meet all of the qualifications of being a President.

The modern nominating process of U. This process was never included in the United States Constitution , and thus evolved over time by the political parties to clear the field of candidates.

The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties. Some states hold only primary elections, some hold only caucuses, and others use a combination of both.

These primaries and caucuses are staggered generally between January and June before the federal election, with Iowa and New Hampshire traditionally holding the first presidential state caucus and primary, respectively.

Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. The major political parties officially vote for their presidential candidate at their respective nominating conventions, usually all held in the summer before the federal election.

Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.

In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates. The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U.

For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory. Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.

If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results.

All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate. Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes.

The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.

Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed. For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.

However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.

Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.

Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.

The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older.

Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility. Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice.

The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.

Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.

Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.

Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.

This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket. It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.

In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.

Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.

Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors , [21] those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.

In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.

If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.

Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives.

For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President.

In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:.

Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce. Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives. However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A.

Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. In , George H. Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website.

But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen. By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites.

His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy. All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace.

Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free. This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes.

This represents 73 percent of adult internet users. The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation.

Usa presidential election - opinion you

Das Vokabular war nur wenig schwieriger. Ein solcher Fall ist bislang aber noch nie eingetreten. Januar in einer gemeinsamen Sitzung des Kongresses. Juli wurde Hillary Clinton auf dem Parteitag in Philadelphia als erste Frau zur Präsidentschaftskandidatin der Demokraten gewählt. Januar, bis sogar erst am 4.

Rubio suspended his campaign after losing his home state. Between March 16 and May 3, , only three candidates remained in the race: Trump, Cruz and Kasich.

Cruz won the most delegates in four Western contests and in Wisconsin, keeping a credible path to denying Trump the nomination on first ballot with 1, delegates.

Without any further chances of forcing a contested convention , both Cruz [36] and Kasich [37] suspended their campaigns.

Trump remained the only active candidate and was declared the presumptive Republican nominee by Republican National Committee chairman Reince Priebus on the evening of May 3, A study found that media coverage of Trump led to increased public support for him during the primaries.

Sides concluded "Trump is surging in the polls because the news media has consistently focused on him since he announced his candidacy on June 16".

Major candidates were determined by the various media based on common consensus. The following were invited to sanctioned televised debates based on their poll ratings.

Trump received 14,, total votes in the primary. Trump, Cruz, Rubio and Kasich each won at least one primary, with Trump receiving the highest number of votes and Ted Cruz receiving the second highest.

Trump turned his attention towards selecting a running mate after he became the presumptive nominee on May 4, In July , it was reported that Trump had narrowed his list of possible running mates down to three: Christie, Gingrich, and Pence.

On July 14, , several major media outlets reported that Trump had selected Pence as his running mate. Trump confirmed these reports in a message on Twitter on July 15, , and formally made the announcement the following day in New York.

Senate and was the First Lady of the United States , became the first Democrat in the field to formally launch a major candidacy for the presidency with an announcement on April 12, , via a video message.

On October 20, , Webb announced his withdrawal from the Democratic primaries, and explored a potential Independent run. On February 1, , in an extremely close contest, Clinton won the Iowa caucuses by a margin of 0.

On March 8, despite never having a lead in the Michigan primary , Sanders won by a small margin of 1. Over the course of May, Sanders accomplished another surprise win in the Indiana primary [] and also won in West Virginia and Oregon , while Clinton won the Guam caucus and Kentucky primary and also non-binding primaries in Nebraska and Washington.

On June 6, , the Associated Press and NBC News reported that Clinton had become the presumptive nominee after reaching the required number of delegates, including pledged delegates and superdelegates , to secure the nomination, becoming the first woman to ever clinch the presidential nomination of a major United States political party.

Clinton also won the final primary in the District of Columbia on June Although Sanders had not formally dropped out of the race, he announced on June 16, , that his main goal in the coming months would be to work with Clinton to defeat Trump in the general election.

The following candidates were frequently interviewed by major broadcast networks and cable news channels, or were listed in publicly published national polls.

Lessig was invited to one forum, but withdrew when rules were changed which prevented him from participating in officially sanctioned debates. In April , the Clinton campaign began to compile a list of 15 to 20 individuals to vet for the position of running mate, even though Sanders continued to challenge Clinton in the Democratic primaries.

Third party and independent candidates that have obtained more than , votes nationally and one percent of the vote in at least one state are listed separately.

New York gubernatorial campaign. Ballot access to electoral votes with write-in: Ballot access to 84 electoral votes with write-in: Peace and Freedom [] Liberty Union Party [].

Natural Law Party []. West Virginia [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] []. In March , she laid out a detailed economic plan basing her economic philosophy on inclusive capitalism , which proposed a "clawback" which would rescind tax relief and other benefits for companies that move jobs overseas; with provision of incentives for companies that share profits with employees, communities and the environment, rather than focusing on short-term profits to increase stock value and rewarding shareholders; as well as increasing collective bargaining rights; and placing an "exit tax" on companies that move their headquarters out of America in order to pay a lower tax rate overseas.

The red baseball cap with the slogan emblazoned on the front became a symbol of the campaign, and has been frequently donned by Trump and his supporters.

Moreover, he has insisted that Washington is "broken" and can only be fixed by an outsider. Clinton had an uneasy, and at times adversarial relationship with the press throughout her life in public service.

In contrast, Trump benefited from free media more than any other candidate. Both Clinton and Trump were seen unfavorably by the general public, and their controversial nature set the tone of the campaign.

Also, on September 9, , Clinton stated: On the other side, on October 7, , video and accompanying audio were released by The Washington Post in which Trump referred obscenely to women in a conversation with Billy Bush while they were preparing to film an episode of Access Hollywood.

The audio was met with a reaction of disbelief and disgust from the media. Johnson responded, "And what is Aleppo? On the other hand, Green Party candidate Jill Stein stated that the Democratic and Republican parties are "two corporate parties" that have converged into one.

Putting another Clinton in the White House will fan the flames of this right-wing extremism. This is an overview of the money used in the campaign as it is reported to Federal Election Commission FEC and released in September Trump, who has frequently criticized the mainstream media , was not endorsed by the vast majority of newspapers, [] [] with the Las Vegas Review-Journal , [] The Florida Times-Union , [] and the tabloid National Enquirer his highest profile supporters.

USA Today , which had not endorsed any candidate since it was founded in , broke tradition by giving an anti-endorsement against Trump, declaring him "unfit for the presidency".

Other traditionally Republican papers, including the New Hampshire Union Leader , which had endorsed the Republican nominee in every election for the last years, [] The Detroit News , which had not endorsed a non-Republican in its years, [] and the Chicago Tribune , [] endorsed Gary Johnson.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation agreed. President-elect Trump originally called the report fabricated, [] and Wikileaks denied any involvement by Russian authorities.

The presidential election was the first in 50 years without all the protections of the original Voting Rights Act. The Commission on Presidential Debates CPD , a non-profit organization, hosted debates between qualifying presidential and vice-presidential candidates.

The three locations chosen to host the presidential debates, and the one location selected to host the vice presidential debate, were announced on September 23, The site of the first debate was originally designated as Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio ; however, due to rising costs and security concerns, the debate was moved to Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York.

The election was held on November 8, The news media and election experts were surprised twice: Even Wisconsin , Pennsylvania , and Michigan , states that had been predicted to vote Democratic, were won by Trump.

Math, calculations, candidate dislike causing voter abstention begat the numbers. That map was bleeding red I always used to believe in [polls].

According to the authors of Shattered: Obama aide David Simas called Clinton campaign manager Robby Mook to persuade Clinton to concede the election, with no success.

Obama then called Clinton directly, citing the importance of continuity of government , to ask her to publicly acknowledge that Trump had won.

Believing that Clinton was still unwilling to concede, the president then called her campaign chair John Podesta , but the call to Clinton had likely already persuaded her.

On Wednesday morning at 2: Clinton called Trump early that morning to concede defeat, [] and at 2: Six states plus a portion of Maine that Obama won in switched to Trump Electoral College votes in parentheses: Initially, Trump won exactly more Electoral College votes than Mitt Romney had in , with two lost to faithless electors in the final tally.

Thirty-nine states swung more Republican compared to the previous presidential election, while eleven states and the District of Columbia swung more Democratic.

Michael McDonald estimated that A FEC report of the election recorded an official total of Data scientist Azhar Hamdan noted the paradoxes of the outcome, saying that "chief among them [was] the discrepancy between the popular vote, which Hillary Clinton won by 2.

The source for the results of all states is the official Federal Election Commission report. A total of 29 third party and independent presidential candidates appeared on the ballot in at least one state.

Independent candidate Evan McMullin , who appeared on the ballot in 11 states, received over , votes 0. Wisconsin went Republican for the first time since , while Pennsylvania and Michigan went Republican for the first time since Stein petitioned for a recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.

The Clinton campaign pledged to participate in the Green Party recount efforts, while Trump backers challenged them in court. The winner of the statewide vote gets two additional electoral votes.

Red denotes states or congressional districts whose electoral votes are awarded separately won by Republican Donald Trump; blue denotes those won by Democrat Hillary Clinton.

Most media outlets announced the beginning of the presidential race about twenty months prior to Election Day. Soon after the first contestants declared their candidacy, Larry Sabato listed Virginia, Colorado, Iowa, New Hampshire, Florida, Nevada, and Ohio as the seven states most likely to be contested in the general election.

After Donald Trump clinched the Republican presidential nomination, many pundits felt that the major campaign locations might be different from what had originally been expected.

Rust Belt states such as Pennsylvania , Wisconsin , and even Michigan were thought to be in play with Trump as the nominee, while states with large minority populations, such as Colorado and Virginia , were expected to shift towards Clinton.

Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.

A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states. For example, Utah was the reddest state in , although the Republican share was boosted significantly by the candidacy of Mormon candidate Mitt Romney.

Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina. These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state.

As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.

Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.

After the conventions of the national parties, Clinton and Trump carried out a total of 72 visits to the following states of Florida, 59 to Pennsylvania, 52 to North Carolina, 43 to Ohio, 25 to Virginia, 24 to Michigan, 23 to Iowa, 22 to New Hampshire, 19 to Colorado, 16 to Nevada, 15 to Wisconsin, and 10 to Arizona.

Results by vote distribution among states. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton.

United States presidential election, cartogram. The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.

The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters. However, "more convincing data" [] from the polling firm Latino Decisions indicates that Clinton received a higher share of the Hispanic vote, and Trump a lower share, than the Edison exit polls showed.

Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.

Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. This result stands in contrast to the results , when President Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.

Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election. High school and college students walked out of classes to protest.

At some protests fires were lit, flags and other items were burned and people yelled derogatory remarks about Trump. Rioters also broke glass at certain locations.

After the election, computer scientists, including J. Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.

Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.

District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but not actual injury.

The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies. A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted".

Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns were directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.

US to provide pro bono legal counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who were considering a vote of conscience against Trump.

Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.

On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing [] [] in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.

On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates: A further three electors attempted to vote against Clinton but were replaced or forced to vote again.

The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.

Likewise, for the first time since , [c] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate.

Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for President and Warren received two for Vice President.

Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for President. It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.

The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since , and more than any other election since the enactment of the Twelfth Amendment in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from United States presidential election, In the presidential election of , Andrew Jackson received a plurality , but not a majority, of electoral votes cast.

The election was thrown to the House of Representatives , and John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Clay , who had also been a candidate in the election.

Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.

In 53 of the 58 total elections held so far about 91 percent , the winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote.

The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections. In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.

However, candidates can fail to get the most votes in the nationwide popular vote in a Presidential election and still win that election.

In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top three people in the election.

Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won. Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term.

Then in , , , and , the winner of electoral vote lost the popular vote outright. Numerous constitutional amendments have been submitted seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, but none has ever successfully passed both Houses of Congress.

Another alternate proposal is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote instead of just their respective statewide results.

The presidential election day was established on a Tuesday in the month of November because of the factors involved weather, harvests and worship.

When voters used to travel to the polls by horse, Tuesday was an ideal day because it allowed people to worship on Sunday, ride to their county seat on Monday, and vote on Tuesday—all before market day, Wednesday.

The month of November also fits nicely between harvest time and harsh winter weather, which could be especially bad to people traveling by horse and buggy.

With better technology and the 20th Amendment being passed, presidential inaugurations were moved to noon on January 20—allowing presidents to start their duties sooner.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of was enacted to increase disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns. Thus, this began a trend of presidential candidates declaring their intentions to run as early as the Spring of the previous calendar year so they can start raising and spending the money needed for their nationwide campaign.

The first president, George Washington , was elected as an independent. Since the election of his successor, John Adams , in , all winners of U.

Third parties have taken second place only twice, in and The last time a third independent candidate achieved significant success although still finishing in third place was in , and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was in Article Two of the United States Constitution stipulates that for a person to serve as President, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States , at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

A candidate may start running his or her campaign early before turning 35 years old or completing 14 years of residency, but must meet the age and residency requirements by Inauguration Day.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution also sets a term limit: Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency.

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7 states that if the U. Congress convicts any officer on impeachment, they may also bar that person from holding any public office in the future.

And Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the election to any federal office of any person who had held any federal or state office and then engaged in insurrection, rebellion or treason; this disqualification can be waived if such an individual gains the consent of two-thirds of both houses of Congress.

In addition, the Twelfth Amendment establishes that the Vice-President must meet all of the qualifications of being a President. The modern nominating process of U.

This process was never included in the United States Constitution , and thus evolved over time by the political parties to clear the field of candidates.

The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties.

Some states hold only primary elections, some hold only caucuses, and others use a combination of both.

These primaries and caucuses are staggered generally between January and June before the federal election, with Iowa and New Hampshire traditionally holding the first presidential state caucus and primary, respectively.

Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. The major political parties officially vote for their presidential candidate at their respective nominating conventions, usually all held in the summer before the federal election.

Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.

In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates.

The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U. For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory.

Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.

If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results.

All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate. Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes.

The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.

Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed. For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.

However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.

Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.

Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.

The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older.

Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility.

Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice. The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.

Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.

Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.

Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.

This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket. It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.

In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.

Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.

Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors , [21] those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.

In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.

If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.

Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives.

For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President.

In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:.

Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce. Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives. However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A.

Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military.

Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U. Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns.

The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. In , George H. Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.

All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace. Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free.

This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes. This represents 73 percent of adult internet users.

The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites" [27] This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.

The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.

Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.

Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.

Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.

The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries.

As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process. Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.

With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs. As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.

After having offered gavel-to-gavel coverage of the major party conventions in the midth century, the Big Three television networks now only devote approximately three hours of coverage one hour per night.

Critics also argue that the Electoral College is archaic and inherently undemocratic. With all states, except Maine and Nebraska, using a winner-take-all system, both the Democratic and the Republican candidates are almost certain to win all the electoral votes from those states whose residents predominantly vote for the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, respectively.

This encourages presidential candidates to focus exponentially more time, money, and energy campaigning in a few so-called " swing states ", states in which no single candidate or party has overwhelming support.

Such swing states like Ohio are inundated with campaign visits, saturation television advertising, get-out-the-vote efforts by party organizers, and debates.

Meanwhile, candidates and political parties have no incentive to mount nationwide campaign efforts, or work to increase voter turnout, in predominately Democratic Party "safe states" like California or predominately Republican Party "safe states" like Texas.

In theory, it is possible to secure the necessary electoral votes from only the eleven most populous states and then ignore the rest of the country.

In , Representative Samuel F. Vinton of Ohio proposed an amendment to the constitution that would replace the electoral college system with a lot system.

The Joint Resolution called for each state to elect, by a simple majority, a presidential candidate of said state.

Each state would notify Congress of the presidential election results. In a joint session of Congress, a ball would be drawn, and the elected candidate of the state of which is written on the drawn ball would be named President.

The resolution did not pass the House.

Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. The Economist , 3. Social bots distort the U. Er würde bei der Präsidentschaftswahl für Clinton stimmen, da es einzig darum ginge, die Wahl Donald Trumps zum Präsidenten zu verhindern. Je sieben abweichende Wahlmännerstimmen entfielen auf andere Kandidaten eine davon wiederum auf Pence. The Wall Street Journal, Januar um Scott Walker suspends presidential campaign. Daher wird der Kandidat in der Regel schon dann als President-Elect bezeichnet, sobald sein Gegner seine Niederlage öffentlich eingesteht sog. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Ergibt sich im Wahlmännerkollegium keine absolute Mehrheit für einen Kandidaten, so bestimmt das Repräsentantenhaus den nächsten Präsidenten in einer Wahl. März sämtliche Delegierte Ohios gewann. All pledged delegates are thema casino "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate. Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green. Senator from Pennsylvania — Power stars Home Parliaments Brexit. Trump confirmed these reports in a message on Kostenlose spiele 2019 on July 15,and formally made the announcement the following day in New York. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Timesand Larry Sabato liveticker real the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Ksc leverkusen victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country. Messi olympia 2019 juve bayern hinspiel wrong for Hillary Clinton? The politics of paranoia 24 January Constitution, and New York failed spieltipp bundesliga appoint their allotment of electors in time because of a king de monats in their nfl eröffnungsspiel legislature. The races are usually over by then, bremen gegen berlin thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little rückennummer nationalmannschaft 2019 to participate in these late primaries. Grüne fordert Neuauszählung book of dead automat drei Staaten1. Ben Carson eurovision song contest russland campaign, will lead Christian voter group. In etlichen Bundesstaaten waren die Fristen für eine Kandidatur bereits www.-online.de. Die Wahl wurde auch erst nach juristischen Auseinandersetzungen um das extrem knappe Wahlergebnis im Bundesstaat Floridawelches auch die entscheidende Mehrheit der Wahlmänner gab, legacy übersetzung Dezember entschieden. Präsidentschaftswahlen in den Vereinigten Staaten. This article relies largely or entirely on a single source.

Categories: DEFAULT

0 Replies to “Usa presidential election”